Coronavirus: An Update (02-25-2020)

Fast Facts on the Coronavirus

Risk of Dying

Preliminary numbers indicate that about two percent of those infected are killed by Coronavirus infection (Johnson, 02-19-2020).

Cumulative data in China demonstrate a three percent death rate from infection of the Coronavirus (Noack, et al., 02-20-2020).

These rates compare to the common flu; about 1-3% of patients infected with the common flu virus die from flu infection (CDC, 01-10-2020).

The main determining factor in how a patient responds to the Coronavirus is their immune system, which resonates with the findings from SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) (Johnson, 02-19-2020).  

Method of Transmission

Coronavirus is spread by sneezing and coughing within a six-foot range (Johnson, 02-19-2020; NCIRD, 02-25-2020). A secondary way for infection is by contacting a contaminated surface and then touching the mouth, nose, or eye (NCIRD, 02-25-2020).

Symptoms

Coughing, sneezing, common cold symptoms, infection of the upper airway making breathing more difficult, infection deeper into the lungs, loss of lung function (Johnson, 02-19-2020).

Risk Factors

Advanced age, underlying chronic illnesses, diabetes, high blood pressure (Johnson, 02-19-2020).

Countries Most Affected

Began in China (CDC, 02-25-2020; Johnson, 02-19-2020, Noack, et al., 02-20-2020).

South Korea has second most Coronavirus infections (Noack, et al., 02-20-2020).

Iran had three cases of Coronavirus infection as of February 20, 2020 (Noack, et al., 02-20-2020).

“Japan reported the first two deaths from the Diamond Princess cruise liner, South Korea reported its first fatality, and new cases in Iran sparked fears about many new cases appearing in the Middle East” (Noack, et al., 02-20-2020).

More than twenty-four countries have patients with Coronavirus infection (Noack, et al., 02-20-2020).

“At this time, this virus is NOT currently spreading in the community in the United States” (CDC, 02-25-2020).

Prevention of Spread

“CDC recommends getting a flu vaccine, taking everyday preventive actions to help stop the spread of germs, and taking flu antivirals if prescribed” (CDC, 02-25-2020).

“At this time, there is no vaccine to protect against COVID-19 and no medications approved to treat it” (CDC, 02-25-2020).

The Future

“COVID-19 is an emerging disease and there is more to learn about its transmissibility, severity, and other features and what will happen in the United States” (NCIRD, 02-17-2020).

Sources Cited

Centers for Disease Control. “Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Summary” (February 25, 2020). Accessed February 25, 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-nCoV/summary.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fcoronavirus%2F2019-ncov%2Fabout%2Fwhat-you-should-do.html#anchor_1580064337377.

Centers for Disease Control. “Disease Burden of Influenza” (January 10, 2020). Accessed February 25, 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/burden/index.html?fbclid=IwAR3yGYVanDRojtlpBxhh4yh9XKWdR03V1ozwIybf-z6rMvFlsLrPAqdIzYc.

Johnson, Carolyn Y. “How the Coronavirus Can Kill People.” The Washington Post (February 19, 2020). Accessed February 25, 2020. https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/2020/02/19/how-coronavirus-kills/?fbclid=IwAR2AjC75vH3Ypen1Mzzb5HKfGwM_WZ9EIUNLKGNJevyYJboMCjat-UHGgzo.

National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD), Division of Viral Diseases. “Coronavirus 2019: COVID 19.” Centers for Disease Control (February 23, 2020). Accessed February 25, 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html.

National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD), Division of Viral Diseases. “How COVID 19 Spreads.” Centers for Disease Control (February 17, 2020). Accessed February 25, 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/transmission.html.

Noack, Rick, et al. “Coronavirus Infections in China Exceed 75,000; Cases Surge in South Korea.” The Washington Post (February 20, 2020). Accessed February 25, 2020. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/coronavirus-china-live-updates/2020/02/20/3159df72-535c-11ea-b119-4faabac6674f_story.html.

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